Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the “Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Network Civilization” (hereinafter referred to as the “Opinions”), and issued a notice requiring all regions and departments to earnestly implement them in light of their actual conditions.
The “Opinions” pointed out that strengthening the construction of network civilization is an inevitable requirement for promoting the construction of socialist spiritual civilization and improving the level of social civilization, it is an urgent need to adapt to the changes in the main social contradictions and meet the people’s yearning for a better life, and it is to accelerate the construction of a network power and comprehensive The important task of building a modern socialist country. The “Opinions” include eight parts: general requirements, strengthening cyberspace ideological guidance, strengthening cyberspace culture cultivation, strengthening cyberspace ethics construction, strengthening cyberspace behavioral norms, strengthening cyberspace ecological governance, strengthening cyberspace civilization creation, and organizing implementation.
The “Opinions” emphasize that to strengthen the construction of network civilization, we must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important thoughts on building a strong network in the Internet and important expositions on the construction of spiritual civilization, and vigorously promote the core socialist values. Comprehensively promote a civilized network operation, civilized use of the Internet, civilized Internet access, and civilized development of the Internet, and promote the formation of ideological concepts, cultural trends, moral pursuits, behavioral norms, legal environment, and establishment mechanisms that meet the requirements of the new era of network civilization construction, and realize online and offline civilization. Build organic integration and mutual promotion, and provide strong ideological guarantee, strong spiritual power, strong public opinion support, and good cultural conditions for building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and achieving the second centenary goal.
The “Opinions” clarified that the work objectives of strengthening the construction of network civilization are: theoretical armed forces occupy new positions, further consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of network ideology, and further consolidate the common ideological foundation for the unity and struggle of the whole party and the whole people; cultural cultivation achieves new Effectiveness, the core socialist values have been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the people’s online spiritual and cultural life has become increasingly healthy and enriched; new steps have been taken in moral construction, the ideological and moral quality of netizens has been significantly improved, and the network fashion of upward, kindness, honesty and mutual assistance has become stronger; civilization quality has been newly improved The network literacy of young netizens has been continuously improved, and the main responsibility of the network platform and the self-discipline of the industry have been effectively implemented; the governance efficiency has been newly improved, the network ecology has been improving day by day, the rule of law in cyberspace has been further promoted, and the ability to combat, prevent and manage cyber crimes has continued to improve; Innovating the situation, the mass spiritual civilization building activities have been effectively extended to the Internet, the network civilization brand activities have been consolidated and improved, and the cyberspace has become clearer.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the ideological guidance of cyberspace. Adhere to Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to guide the construction of Internet content, and promote the Party’s innovative theory to go deeper and more practical. Strengthen the construction of key theoretical websites, public accounts, and clients, closely integrate the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, especially the new changes and achievements in the development of the party and the country in the new era, and conduct targeted online theoretical publicity activities. Elaborately do a good job of online publicity on major themes, strengthen the construction and innovation of online communication methods, and create “phenomenal” communication products. Deeply promote the integrated development of media, implement a mobile-first strategy, and increase the construction and promotion of mainstream media mobile terminals such as major central and local news units and key news websites.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the cultivation of cyberspace culture. Guide the construction of network culture with the socialist core values, extensively gather the joint efforts of news websites, business platforms, etc., to spread the socialist core values to the vast number of netizens and to all aspects of society. Carry out in-depth study and education of party history online, disseminate the great achievements of our party in various historical periods of revolution, construction and reform, carry forward the great spirit formed by the party and the people in the struggle, and take a clear stand against historical nihilism. Stimulate the vitality of China’s excellent traditional culture, create characteristic brand activities and original products that are popular among netizens, and promote the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture. Enrich the supply of high-quality online cultural products, guide platforms such as websites, public accounts, and clients, and the majority of netizens to create and produce positive, healthy, and positive online cultural products, and hold a variety of online cultural activities. Improve the level of online public cultural services, promote the digitalization of major national cultural facilities and state-owned cultural resources, and improve the inclusiveness and convenience of online public cultural services.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the moral construction of cyberspace. Strengthen the guidance of online moral demonstration, and widely carry out online publicity activities for typical cases and deeds such as model workers, role models of the times, moral models, the most beautiful people, good people around you, and outstanding volunteers, and promote the formation of an online civilized environment that honors morality and kindness, and sees the good and thinks together . Deepen the construction of network integrity, hold various online and offline brand activities, vigorously spread the culture of integrity, advocate the value concept of honesty and trustworthiness, encourage and support Internet companies and platforms to improve internal integrity norms and mechanisms, and create a good network in accordance with law and integrity. Ambience. Develop online public welfare undertakings, carry out in-depth online public welfare projects, and extensively carry out various forms of online civilized volunteer services and online public welfare activities to build an online public welfare brand.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the norms of behavior in cyberspace. Cultivate network ethics and behavioral rules that conform to the core socialist values, encourage all regions and departments to formulate and issue network civilization guidelines that conform to their own characteristics, standardize online language, and integrate network civilization construction requirements into industry management norms. Efforts should be made to improve the Internet literacy of young people, further improve the network literacy education mechanism that combines the government, schools, families, and society, improve young people’s ability to use the Internet correctly and security awareness, and carefully create excellent Internet cultural products that young people are willing to listen to and watch. Improve the work mechanism for preventing young people from being addicted to the Internet, resolutely crack down on and stop young people’s cyberbullying in accordance with the law, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of young people in cyberspace. Strengthen the responsibility of network platforms, strengthen the construction of website platform community rules and user agreements, and guide network platforms to enhance national security awareness. Strengthen the self-discipline of the Internet industry, adhere to the value orientation of paying equal attention to economic and social benefits, and urge Internet companies to actively fulfill their social responsibilities. Give play to the role of industry organizations in guiding and supervising, promote the healthy and standardized development of the industry, and encourage and support various network social organizations to participate in the construction of network civilization.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the ecological governance of cyberspace. Carry out in-depth guidance on network civilization, vigorously strengthen the awareness of network civilization, make full use of important traditional festivals, major festivals and anniversaries to organize and carry out practical activities on the theme of network civilization, educate the vast number of netizens to consciously resist evil and promote civilization. Further standardize the process of online content production, information release and dissemination, further promote the hierarchical and classified management of public accounts, and build a national online rumor-refuting linkage mechanism based on the China Internet joint rumor-refuting platform. We will further advance the series of special campaigns of “Qinglang” and “Cleaning the Net”, deepen the crackdown on cyber crimes, deepen the governance of uncivilized problems in the fields of public accounts, live broadcasts, knowledge Q&A, etc., and carry out the governance of false information in the Internet field. Improve the complaint and reporting mechanism for online uncivilized phenomena, mobilize the majority of netizens to actively participate in supervision, and promote co-governance and sharing of cyberspace. Adhere to the governance of cyberspace in accordance with the law, carry forward the core socialist values throughout all aspects of cyber legislation, law enforcement, judicial law popularization, and give full play to the role of laws and regulations in maintaining good cyber order and establishing a civilized cyber fashion. Strengthen the implementation of the Personal Information Protection Law and the Data Security Law, and speed up the formulation, revision and implementation of laws and regulations such as the Cultural Industry Promotion Law, the Radio and Television Law, the Law on the Prevention and Control of Cybercrimes, the Regulations on the Protection of Minors’ Networks, and the Measures for the Administration of Internet Information Services. Innovatively carry out a series of online law popularization activities to enhance citizens’ legal awareness and legal literacy.
The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the creation of cyberspace civilization. Promote the extension of mass spiritual civilization creation activities to the Internet, give full play to the role of the new era civilization practice center and county-level financial media center, strengthen the construction of netizens’ network civilization literacy practice education base, and promote grassroots network civilization construction activities. Carry out military-civilian joint construction of network civilization activities to promote the unity of the military, government, military and civilians. Actively build a platform for promoting the concept of Chinese Internet civilization, a platform for exchanging experience, a platform for displaying achievements, and a platform for mutual learning of international Internet civilization. Deeply implement the project of striving to be a good netizen in China, guide the majority of netizens to respect morality and law, interact in a civilized manner, and express rationally, guide the whole society to improve the quality of network civilization, and purify the network environment.
The “Opinions” require that all regions and departments should fully understand the importance of strengthening the construction of network civilization, and establish a leadership system and working mechanism in which the party committee leads the unified leadership, the party and government work together, relevant departments assume their respective responsibilities, and the whole society actively participates. The Cyberspace Administration of China and the Civilization Office at all levels should take the lead in focusing on the general management, and strengthen the organization, guidance and coordination services for the construction of cyber civilization. Pay attention to the role of netizens as the main body, build a wide range of platforms, and carry out special activities to attract the majority of netizens, especially young netizens, to actively participate in the construction of network civilization. Increase support for policies and projects, and encourage social forces to provide financial and material support for the construction of network civilization. Strengthen the understanding and grasp of work laws, continuously promote innovations in content forms, methods and means, channel carriers, etc., and enhance the targeted effectiveness and attractiveness of network civilization construction.
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